Once the structure of the skin has been thrown into disarray through injury or elective surgery, there are mechanisms with that are set in motion to put the structure back into place. Apart from the blood corpuscles that are tasked with forming a clot, there are other that are linked to the immune system. The immune system functions best when the body has a chance to rest.
The immune system is very sensitive and any changes in the surrounding are bound to throw it off and affect everything that it is handling. In the wound healing process, there are a number of cells, enzymes and growth factors that rely on the stability that rest provides. In this way, the process carries on without a hitch.
DOES REST REALLY HAVE AN EFFECT ON THE WOUND HEALING PROCESS?
The stages of wound healing do not occur in discrete sequential steps, often overlapping depending on the prevailing conditions. Maintaining these conditions in a constant state is vital in helping the healing process to move along unencumbered.
Adequate rest, in the form of sleep, has been demonstrated to have a positive impact on the wound recovery process. Even without the nutritive supplements aiding the local immune response, adequate rest stimulates the immune system to handle efficiently seal the puncture in the skin.
WHAT EXACTLY DOES REST DO?
It is vital to acknowledge that rest – in not so many words – is the elimination of stress. Having established that, we can zero in on stress and the effects it has on wound healing. Stress comes hand in hand with anxiety, upsetting the balance of the immune system responsible for healing.
Anxiety and stress lead to abnormal amounts of enzymes and cytokines due to the stimulation of the pituitary and the cascade that follows. This upset of the amounts of immunological compounds interferes greatly with the wound healing process, resulting in longer healing times.
Rest is, therefore, something that is so vital to the proper healing of wounds. This proper healing will also ensure that scarring occurs normally.
Rest. (2018). [image] Available at: https://www.marksdailyapple.com/why-you-still-probably-need-more-rest-and-23-ways-to-get-it/ [Accessed 14 Mar. 2018].Smith, T. J., Wilson, M. A., Karl, J. P., Orr, J., Smith, C. D., Cooper, A. D., … & Montain, S. J. (2017). Impact of sleep restriction on local immune response and skin barrier restoration with and without’multi-nutrient’nutrition intervention. Journal of Applied Physiology, jap-00547.Egydio, F., Pires, G. N., Tufik, S., & Andersen, M. L. (2012). Wound-healing and benzodiazepines: does sleep play a role in this relationship?. Clinics, 67(7), 827-830.