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Ageing Skin: The Changes, Challenges & Management (Part Three)

Ageing Skin: The Changes, Challenges & Management (Part Three)

WHY SKINCARE MATTERS

    Let me begin by saying that despite what has been discussed, ageing can still be a very positive journey and l for one see it as a privilege as unfortunately there are not many people who make it to their ‘golden years’.

    However, when it comes to skincare we do need to stop looking at it as just purely an aesthetic concern and begin to see it as a health issue.  Our skin that is vital and fragile will age, and its roles of protection and regeneration will diminish over time.

    Due to our ever-growing ageing population, we are realizing how ageing skin can in fact be a real health problem that can complicate and due to co-morbidities can be made complicated.

    As health care professionals in a clinical setting, knowledge of skin health is vital to ensure that it is being protected, maintained and if need be treated accordingly.

    As individuals, we can help ourselves to ensure that skin health is maintained for as long as possible.

    How can this be achieved?

    From a clinical perspective, there are evidence-based interventions available to help promote and maintain skin health as individuals age by incorporating a prevention network.  This network combines elements of education such as the importance of using sun protection, interventions for early diagnosis and treatment of skin problems such as skin cancer as well as protection against wounds and lesions such as skin tears.  

    Within this prevention network, there is also the element of providing therapeutic and rehabilitative interventions when skin issues are established such as providing emollient therapy for dry skin to control symptoms and maintain the integrity of the skin.

    Fortunately, as individuals, we can incorporate this prevention network into our everyday lives, and it does not need to be made up of an array of complicated or elaborate routines.  We need to maintain focus on preventing dry skin in ways such as bathing ourselves in lukewarm water and not hot as this can lead to skin sensitivity.  Avoid vigorous rubbing when drying ourselves as this can create friction leading to a possible breakdown in skin integrity and ongoing issues.

    Our skin is best protected by washing with pH balanced body and face washers.  Daily application of emollient based creams or lighter based if preferred is important to not only alleviate skin dryness but also improve the barrier of the skin and microbial defences.  Furthermore, daily sun protection with a broad-spectrum sunscreen is important to prevent skin cancers but also incorporating self-skin assessment is key to ensure early intervention.

    Finally, when we talk about skin health it is about approaching it holistically so, therefore, incorporating a well-balanced diet is just as important as what we topically put onto our skin.

   What hopefully has been highlighted, albeit only briefly, is not only how wonderful our skin is in all that it does for us, but also the importance of why it must be taken care of and maintained to help achieve the quality of life. This can be achieved in both clinical settings but also as individuals on a day-to-day basis.

   The care of ageing skin must change focus from looking at it just from an aesthetic perspective to how the breakdown of structure and function affects the quality of one’s life.  And this must start from an early age because if we are to take note of what the World Health Organisation has stated…prevention is far more effective and costs far less than treatment.


This blog post is written by Dora Erdossy, Dermal Educator & Dermal Clinician. With over 25 years’ experience in the Skin Care Industry, Dora Erdossy has worked as a Dermal Clinician and Educator for some of the industry’s largest brands across Australia, USA and Europe. Dora’s passion for education saw her become an educator for dermalogica and The International Dermal Institute in 2001 where she taught in Australia, Vietnam, Fiji and New Zealand. In 2005, Dora moved to the United States where for the next 3 years, she championed the role of Senior Educator at dermalogica’s Los Angeles HQ.⠀

Ageing Skin: The Changes, Challenges & Management

Ageing Skin: The Changes, Challenges & Management

PART 1    

    Ageing Skin.  When we think about this skin condition, it’s typical and normal for us to think about ageing skin from an aesthetic perspective.  We think about wrinkles, fine lines, flaccid skin, uneven pigmentation and overall dryness and dehydration.  We perhaps look at mature aged individuals and guestimate their age based on what we are seeing.  However, it is time for us to view ageing skin in a different way.

    Thanks to the generally high standard of living in most parts of the world, compared to previous generations, we are fortunately living much longer with better health.  For instance, in 1946 the life expectancy was 65 years old whereas today it is 80 years old.  In fact, approximately 36% of our population are over 65 years old.

   Despite the fact, we are living longer and for many of us it is a healthy journey, living longer does come with new challenges.  Ageing is linked to a series of physiological and pathological processes as the body overall is coping with multiple ageing organs and illnesses resulting in poly-morbidities.

    Among these challenges is skin ageing.   Ageing skin is associated with changes in its structure and functionality such as reduction in skin cell turnover and its potential for it to regenerate.  What can all this lead too?  Increased vulnerability and dryness which in turn can increase the risk of skin damage and infection.

   Skin is a vital organ and is one of the most important organs of the body for our health and wellbeing.  It is time for skin to be seen as an organ that must be taken care of not just for aesthetic purposes but to help maintain quality of life.

SKIN: THE FIRST LINE OF DEFENCE

    We know that skin plays a vital role in being the first line of defence as its main function is to provide protection and act as a barrier between the body and our external environment.  It is the largest organ of the body that also has additional functions such as maintaining body temperature, provides sensory functions in relation to temperature and touches as well as acting as a storage for water and fat stores.

    Our skin consists of 2 primary layers known as the epidermis and the dermis and even though I could provide endless information about these two fascinating layers, for the purpose of this article, l will keep it brief.

    The epidermis is the outer layer of the skin that plays two important roles.  In no specific order, it provides protection from bacteria and other microbes and it also helps keep moisture within the skin.  

    If our skin becomes injured and impaired, the body can become subjected to the invasion of outside agents, which will lead to irritation and sensitivity.  Furthermore, moisture can escape from the epidermis, known as trans-epidermal water loss and this can further impair barrier function.

   What is worth noting here is the pH of the skin, which ideally should be between the pH of 4 to 5.5.  The low pH of the skin creates what is known as the acid mantle which contributes to the barrier function of the skin.  When the skin becomes damaged, it can shift the pH towards alkaline, increasing the skin’s susceptibility to bacterial skin infections.

   The skin’s pH can also be increased by systemic diseases such as diabetes and even simple wound dressings can increase the skin pH which could potentially lead to further breakdown of the skin.

   The dermis often called the ‘true skin’, supports and nourishes the epidermis.  It contains important components of the skin such as blood vessels, nerve endings, hair follicles, sweat glands and the lymphatic system.  The dermis also contains collagen which helps to provide strength and structure to the skin along with elastin fibres that provide skin its elasticity allowing it to return to shape after it has been stretched.

   As we age, the production of collagen and elastin is reduced, which in turn leads to wrinkling, sagging and increased risk of skin tears.  So as much as skin is incredibly durable, it too like all other systems of our body, eventually succumbs to the inevitable effects of ageing.

   So how does the skin change as we age?  What are the contributing factors?  

   We will delve into this in Part 2…..


This guest blog is written by Dora Erdossy, Dermal Educator & Dermal Clinician. With over 25 years’ experience in the Skin Care Industry, Dora Erdossy has worked as a Dermal Clinician and Educator for some of the industry’s largest brands across Australia, USA and Europe. Dora’s passion for education saw her become an educator for dermalogica and The International Dermal Institute in 2001 where she taught in Australia, Vietnam, Fiji and New Zealand.

In 2005, Dora moved to the United States where for the next 3 years, she championed the role of Senior Educator at dermalogica’s Los Angeles HQ.

 

Skincare with conscience

Skincare with conscience

DHC are incredibly excited to announce our newest partnership with Australian skincare brand Dermalist, who have been making waves in the cosmeceutical skincare market since launching their truly revolutionary range of results-driven multi-functional products in October 2019.

Promising to deliver dramatic results for all skin concerns in just 2 steps daily across 28 days, each product has been specifically designed in consultation with some of Australia’s leading cosmeceutical formulators, doctors & dermal clinicians to target skin concerns across multiple pathways at once and to deliver several skin benefits simultaneously with the ultimate goal of reducing the time, complexity and number of products required for clients to achieve and maintain beautiful skin at home. 

Their ethical range stands conscientiously apart in the cosmeceutical world by housing meticulously sourced active ingredients that are not only good for your skin, for your health but also for the world around us. To this end, their formulations are made in Australia using only the highest quality ingredients, ethically sourced through the supply chain and are free from over 50 harsh chemicals and preservatives that are known or are suspected to cause irritation or inflammation including formaldehyde and endocrine disruptors as well as being proudly vegan, cruelty-free and made from 100% recyclable packaging. 

Our favourite clean active from within their range is the Quandong Extract which is an Australian high strength essential fatty acid & phenolic acid. This super extract enhances barrier functions, is anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory. When you think of this active, think of soft, smooth healthy skin.

Our HERO product in their range is their AllSerum Skin Perfector which, true to their mission of simplifying skincare, incorporates all the skin-perfecting, melanin reducing, hydrating and anti-ageing actives into one simple step. As a powerful cosmeceutical formulation that treats protects and perfects skin from the inside and out, we liken AllSerum to joining the gym, doing a 30-minute spin class every day of the week and drinking kale smoothies for breakfast for your skin.

But how does the science work? How does it create youthful, clear & healthy skin?

Well, first it treats skin discolourations. 

By utilising melanin reducing actives, such as Vitamin C, Caregen TGP2 & Telangyn this serum reduces tyrosinase activity within the skin. Tyrosinase is the crucial enzyme for synthesizing melanin within the skin. Melanin, which is more commonly known as the pigment can appear as dark, discoloured patches on your skin. It can be caused by trauma to the skin, whether that is trauma caused by sun exposure or trauma caused by a physical injury to the skin. It can also appear due to hormonal influences or using incorrect skincare. By using these melanin reducing actives,  the skin becomes clearer & more even in appearance. 

This serum then calms the skin and prevents ageing. 

A combination of Vitamin B5, Niacinamide, AHAs, Neurophroline and Squalane treat skin inflammation & ward off our skin’s ageing nemesis, oxidative stress. If your skin is suffering oxidative stress, you may find it begins to show signs of fine lines & wrinkles. AllSerum reduces oxidative stress at a cellular level by increasing the levels of glutathione & ATP, inhibiting melanin production & increasing skin elasticity. Clinically proven active Neurophroline contained at its therapeutic dose moderates cortisol production and activates the release of a natural calming neuropeptide to visibly improve skin redness and inflammation. 

Then this serum locks in all this goodness with Hyaluronic Acid & Squalene. Hyaluronic Acid is a well-known hydrator but scientifically it’s known as a humectant, it draws moisture to the skin. Squalane on the other hand is poly-unsaturated hydrocarbon liquid. Unlike Hyaluronic Acid, Squalane acts as a second skin barrier, locking all the actives in. As the icing on the cake, these actives are also naturally occurring in the skin. 

Not only have the Dermalist been able to achieve this incredible AllSerum which is part of their simple three-step regime, but they have also made it affordable, beautiful & recyclable. 

DHC is committed to serving the skin and with that, using sustainable skincare which is locally sourced and strengthening! Welcome to the DHC family Dermalist.